400K and counting Christianity Today

400K and counting  Christianity Today

After three years of trying to conceive a child, Michele and Jeff Turner learned they were infertile. Our doctor told us, You have a better chance of winning the Powerball lottery than of conceiving a child naturally, said Michele, now 33.

In vitro fertilization (IVF), or seeking to produce an embryo outside the womb, was also a long shot. After two failed IVF attempts, the Turners looked into adopting a child and raising a family in their Royers Ford, Pennsylvania home. The cost (more than $20,000 in their area) was prohibitive.

Then, during a meeting of a national infertility support group, they heard about frozen embryos left from infertility treatments.

After contacting about 40 fertility clinics, the Turners joined an embryo donation program at the Cooper Institute for Reproductive Medicine in Mont Clare, New Jersey. Later, they received embryos from a donor family. In December 1999, Michele gave birth to twin daughters, Morgan and Macy.

Then, when their daughters were nine months old, Jeff and Michele discovered she was pregnant with a son, Myles, who was conceived naturally. They had to relinquish their rights to some remaining donated embryos, which were considered property of the clinic.

It was an excruciating thing to do, Michele said.

A new study, by the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology and the RAND Corporation, found that fertility clinics in the United State have nearly 400,000 frozen human embryos in storagetwice the highest previous estimate.

The survey of 430 clinics showed that 88.2 percent of the embryos are being stored for possible future use. About 11,000 are set aside for scientific research. About 9,000 are designated for infertile couples. Another 9,000 will be thawed and destroyed.

The findings have prompted a variety of responses from Christian activists and ethicists, from questioning IVF to pushing harder for embryo adoption. But most would agree with Pia de Solenni, a fellow at the Center for Human Life and Bioethics at Family Research Council: Human beings are never disposable, whether [in the form of] an embryo, a baby, or a 90-year-old woman.

Clinics first began freezing embryos after 1983, when IVF was introduced in the United States. In the freezing process, technicians place embryos in plastic straws or glass vials, along with a cryo-preservative or antifreeze solution.

Then workers store them in a cylinder of liquid nitrogen at about minus 319 degrees Fahrenheit. The report notes that some of the 400,000 embryos have been frozen for 20 years.

No one knows how long the embryos can be stored, said Jeff Keenan, a reproductive endocrinologist and director of the Southeastern Fertility Center in Knoxville, Tennessee.

You could expect good thaw on embryos at five years, he said. Ten years is something most of us would prefer to avoid.

Keenan said many couples refuse to make a decision about the ultimate fate of their embryos, and just keep paying the storage fees. The Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Boston freezes about eight embryos a day and says it has 3,000 embryos under lock and key.

Keenan is trying to keep the numbers down at his clinic. Keenans practice keeps about 300 embryos in storage. Patients agree in writing to donate any leftover embryos to infertile couples. But getting couples to follow through is difficult, he said. Parents dont see that they are basically allowing them to die slowly in cryopreservation.

David Stevens, executive director of the Christian Medical Association, said the report indicates there are too few controls on IVF.

Similar articlesThe Southeastern Center for Fertility and Reproductive Surgery 1. Keenan JA, Segars JH, Herbert CM and Maxson WS: The Prevalence of Intraperitoneal Chlamydial Antigen in Asymptomatic Infertility Patients. Infertility 9:283-287, 1986.

2. Keenan JA, Herbert CM and Wentz AC: Diagnosis and Management of Luteal Phase Deficiency Among Patients Receiving Clomiphene Citrate for Ovulation Induction. Fertility and Sterility 51:964, 1989. ...

IVF NewsMerja Tuomi-Nikula, specialist in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Felicitas Clinic, Helsinki, Finland.Progress Educational Trust 08 March 2006

[BioNews, London] It has taken almost two decades to establish a legal basis for fertility treatment in Finland. Two years ago, most of the Parliamentary Legal Affairs Committee wanted to limit treatments to ...

Successful egg freezing is an advancement that has eluded reproductive endocrinologists for the first three decades of in vitro fertilization. The major stumbling block was ice crystal formation that damaged the frozen egg.

For some time, the doctors at Houston IVF and CCRM have been studying competing technologies designed to avoid this ...

Embryo Transfer Day 3 versus Day 5Embryo Transfer Day 3 versus Day 5

CNY Fertility Center has locations in Syracuse, NY Albany, NY and Rochester, NY. CNY Fertility offers affordable fertility treatments including low cost IVF (In Vitro Fertilization). Patients often have questions about the day that their embryos will be transferred back to their uterus following their IVF procedure. ...

IVF Canada Please note that for specific information regarding clarification of our fees, please contact our office through our contact page or phone (416) 754-8742.

Hepatitis B C patients please refer to schedule of fees for additional cost of care involved.

IVF CANADA/LIFE Program SCHEDULE OF FEES (Canadian Dollars) EFFECTIVE January 2011 ...

Divya Putrajeevaka Beej, Female Infertility Treatment, Menstruation Problems Cure

Scientific reviews suggest antioxidants may boost male fertility

Impatient with PCOS: I know how to cure infertility!

Fertility Scope Saliva Based Ovulation Test, 1 ea Reviews

Fertility Monitor Reviews DuoFertility Press News

Pregnancy Miracle (Milagro Para El Embarazo)

Endometriosis and Fertility: Attain Fertility Recognizes National Endometriosis Month

Acupuncture and Infertility: Can Chinese Medicine Help Make Women More Fertile?

Fertility Drugs Pregnancy Week by Week

Berkeley Parents Network: Zouves Fertility Center

Allen Preusser: What to Expect from Infertility Diagnosis – Free Online Library. Female fertility drugs are...

Joseph Wright: Ho can i get infertility drugs without prescription? I really recommend that you see a doctor. It;s...

Elsie Tran: IVF, Fertility Drugs Might Boost Autism Risk. 2 studies show a link, but experts say risk to any one...

David Maxey: Off the internet… Where else??? But taking them without being monitored can screw up your cycle...

Ramon Gonzales: Oops — one major type of fertility treatment I neglected to add to this list of different types...

To Use a Fertility Aid or Not? - Barefoot in the Kitchen

Hypothyroidism And Infertility: How Thyroid Problems Can Challenge Your Fertility

In Vitro Fertilisation: IVF CLINICS IN NIGERIA

Private IVF - In Vitro Fertilisation London WC District

Study: Acupuncture Eases Low Back Pain

Mini IVF Clinics New York City, IVF FSH NY, IVF Fertilization NYC

varicocele treatment without surgery a natural healing yogafree ivf studies 2011varicocele treatment without surgery a natural healing guidevaricocele natural healingcure varicocele through yogadoes frequency of ejaculation effect healthy spermfoods to increase fertility in women above 40 years olddoes abnormal sperm cause birth defectsegg donor database picturesmaca dosage butt

varicocele treatment natural, fertility smoothie recipes, fertility smoothie, semen analysis abnormal forms, how to boost fertility after 40, foods that increase anti mullerian hormone, nutrients that boost amh levels, food that increase the level of anti mullerian, bleeding again 2 days after period finish, how to treat scanty periods

increase fertility for twinsdoes baby aspirin help release multiple eggsspotting - a sign of fertilityhow to boost fertility after 40dr chantilis in dallaschronic fatigue syndrome and infertilityamh levels micg/ldoes raw maca powder make you gain weight?how quickly does amh declineinfertility and stress management